Zakat ul-Fitr 2019

Zakat ul-Fitr

Every Muslim is required to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr at the conclusion of the month of Ramadhan as a token of thankfulness to Allah SWT for having enabled him to observe fasts.

Zakat ul-Fitr currently calculated in New Zealand at $10.00 per person. You can Pay online Using Account 02-0630-0221537-006

Please make sure to put Zakat ul-Fitr as a Reference

Its purpose is to purify those who fast from any indecent act or speech and to help the poor and needy. This view is based upon a Hadith which states: “The Messenger of Allah SAW enjoined Zakat ul-fitr on those who fast to shield them from any indecent act or speech, and for the purpose of providing food for the needy. It is accepted as Zakah for the one who pays it before the `Eid prayer, and it is Sadaqah for the one who pays it after the prayer.” (Abu Daood).

In this Hadith two purposes are highlighted; one is related to the individual for completion of his fast and compensation for any shortcomings in his actions or speech, and the other is related to society; for the spreading of love and happiness among its members, particularly the poor and needy, during the day of `Eid.

Zakat al-Fitr is mandatory on every Muslim on his behalf and on the behalf of all people he is in charge of. This means he has to pay for himself and for those whom he takes care of- young or old, male or female, free or slave as the Hadeeth of Ibn Umar RAA states:

“Allah’s Messenger ordered Sadaqat ul-fitr on behalf of the young and the old, and the free and the slave – whom you provide for.” (Ad-Daraqutni and al-Baihaqi). Ibn Umar RAA relates that the Prophet SAW enjoined the payment of one sa’ of dates or one sa’ of barley as Zakat ul-fitr on every Muslim, young and old, male and female, free and slave. (Bukhari & Muslim)

The amount of the Zakat ul-fitr mentioned by the Prophet SAW is one Sa’ of dates, raisins, wheat, or barley. Muslim scholars deduced from this hadith that it is permissible to give any kind of food as long as it is part of the staple diet in that particular region or the normal food of that locality. According to contemporary Muslim scholars, the scale of Sa’ is estimated to be about 3.180 kilograms. This can also be paid in its equivalent in cash instead, which is currently calculated in New Zealand at $10.00 per person.

When is Zakat ul-fitr payable

The jurists agree that zakat ul-fitr is due at the end of Ramadan. They differ, however, about the exact time. There are two openions; first, that it is due at the sunset of the night of breaking the fast, for this is when the fast of Ramadan ends, second, it is due at the start of dawn on the day of Eid.

In short, this charity must be paid before the Eid prayer. There are different opinions among the jurists as to how early you can pay zakat ul-fitr, some say the payment can be made a day or two before Eid, while some others say the payment can be made at the beginning of Ramadhan, yet some others say it can be made even before Ramadhan. If someone pays before the Eid prayer it will be considered as valid zakat ul-fitr, and if he delays and pays after the prayer then it will be counted as general charity. However, if someone has missed the payment before Eid prayer he still has to pay it.

The conditions for distribution of zakat ul-fitr is the same as that of Zakah, that is, it has to be distributed to the eight groups of beneficiaries mentioned in the ayah: “The alms are only for the poor …” (Quran 9:60)

Conclusion: In a nutshell, Zakat is a mandatory tenant of Islam and the objective of it is to help the society share the bounties of Allah and give a chance to the unfortunate ones at a better life. Therefore, every Muslim must gain knowledge about Zakat and ensure that it be paid to the deserving people.